- (1886-1980)artist and writer; while he rejected the label Expressionist,* his work reflected the movement's spirit. Born in Poch-larn an der Donau, Austria,* he passed a destitute childhood in Vienna before studying at the city's Kunstgewerbeschule in 1905-1909. As a student, he wrote his first drama and poetry while joining an artists' group centered on Gustav Klimt. In 1909 he became a freelance artist for Vienna's Werkstatten. From the 1908 Kunstschau exhibition of his first work, he encountered a public response more violent than that accorded fellow modernists: "chief of the savages," the press claimed, "a Gauguin gone mad." Such protest earned him rapid accep-tance by Vienna's avant-garde, especially by architect Adolf Loos. The outrage at the 1909 performance of his play Mörder, Hoffnung der Frauen (Murderer, hope of women) was such that Loos sent him to Switzerland. In 1910 he met Herwarth Walden,* a Berliner who was then establishing both a journal and gallery named Sturm. Walden signed him to a contract as the journal's illustrator. Berlin,* more open to avant-garde art than Vienna, granted Kokoschka wide recognition. In 1911 he began exhibiting with the Brücke. Upon returning to Vienna as Walden's foreign editor, he initiated a passionate affair with Alma Mahler that lasted until 1914 and generated many of his best paintings.Gravely wounded on the Eastern Front in 1916, Kokoschka spent more than a year recuperating in a Viennese hospital. A well-respected artist after the war, he returned to Germany and continued his work with Sturm. In 1920 he took a position with Dresden's Kunstakademie. He was equally successful as a writer; his plays were staged by Max Reinhardt* and set to music* by Paul Hindemith.* But Kokoschka was unable to lead a "normal life" with normal relationships (students called him "mad Kokoschka"); in 1924 he suddenly resigned and set out to paint the cities of Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East. Back in Vienna in 1931, he accepted appointment in 1934 at Prague's Art Academy. He fled to London in 1938 and resided from 1953 on Lake Geneva.REFERENCES:Barron, "Degenerate Art"; Benz and Graml, Biographisches Lexikon; Kokoschka, My Life; Schorske, Fin-de-Siecle Vienna; Selz, German Expressionist Paint-ing.
A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. C. Paul Vincent.
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Kokoschka, Oskar — born March 1, 1886, Pöchlarn, Austria died Feb. 22, 1980, Villeneuve, Switz. Austrian painter and writer. He studied and taught at the Vienna School of Arts and Crafts but was dissatisfied because the school omitted study of the human figure, his … Universalium
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Kokoschka, Oskar — (1886–1980) One of the 20th century’s most original painters, Kokoschka also drew and wrote poetry. Born to an artisan family in Lower Austria, he studied at the Vienna Academy of Applied Arts (Kunstgewerbeschule); in 1907 he joined the Wiener … Historical dictionary of Austria
Kokoschka,Oskar — Ko·kosch·ka (kə kôshʹkə), Oskar. 1886 1980. Austrian expressionist painter noted for his portraits and landscapes. * * * … Universalium
Kokoschka, Oskar — (3/1/1886 Pochlarn 2/22/1980 Montreux) (Austria) Painter, graphic artist, poet, and modeller. Studied at the Kunstgewerbeschule in Vienna. Best known as a leading expressionist who favored landscapes and portraits. Reproductions: Self… … Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators
Kokoschka, Oskar — (1 mar. 1886, Pöchlarn, Austria–22 feb. 1980, Villeneuve, Suiza). Pintor y escritor austríaco. Estudió y enseñó en la Escuela de Artes y Oficios de Viena, pero no se sentía satisfecho, porque la escuela omitía el estudio de la figura humana, su… … Enciclopedia Universal
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